Categories
Psychology

Given the predicted long-term consequences of stress from the recent pandemic, you have been assisting with research on the effects of stress on mental health and behavior, as well as ways to manage stress.

Assignment Content
Everyone experiences stress, and it can be caused by positive or negative events. Depending on how an individual experiences and interprets stress, certain biological and biochemical changes occur in the brain and body. In this assignment, you research and analyze these effects of stress.
Imagine that you work as an assistant to a psychologist. Given the predicted long-term consequences of stress from the recent pandemic, you have been assisting with research on the effects of stress on mental health and behavior, as well as ways to manage stress. Now, you have been asked to present your research findings to your local mental health center staff.
Use this week’s learning activities and the University Library to research how stress impacts biological and biochemical aspects of an individual’s behavior.
Create an 8- to 10-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation detailing your research and findings. Address the following in your presentation:
Describe the biological effects of stress.
Describe the biochemical effects of stress.
Explain how the effects of stress impact behavior.
Identify times when you were vulnerable to stress and other times when you demonstrated resilience. Describe why your experience with stress was different in these situations.
Describe 2–3 evidence-based stress management strategies.
Include detailed speaker notes on each slide.
Cite your sources according to APA guidelines.
Submit your assignment.

Categories
Psychology

Might it come down to individual differences in the person’s mindset (i.e., entity vs incremental)?”

Ask four strong discussion questions based on the given article.
Discussion questions must be typed, 12-point font, Times New Roman, double-spaced, and 1-inch margins
Discussion questions should contain an APA formatted in-text citation of the article/chapter that you are addressing
The questions themselves should not be requests for clarification (e.g., “What measure did they use?”, “What did the author mean by ‘self-regulation’?”) and, rather, should be thoughtful, reflective, and substantive inquiries (several sentences per question, one paragraph for each question). In forming discussion questions, you may want to consider implications of the findings, challenge the conclusions drawn by authors, or relate the readings to other topics.
Answer the questions you pose or give your thoughts on what you think the answer might be.
There is an example of one strong discussion question below
“Randles and Tracy (2013) find that experiencing shame leads to higher engagement in that shameful act (e.g., drinking). The authors assert that this may be because feeling shame makes people believe they are not capable of changing. If this is the case, what is a more effective way to decrease maladaptive behaviors? For example, if someone is a drug or alcohol addict, rather than shaming them, would kindness and support decrease their addictive behaviors? To me, it reasons that making them feel ashamed for drinking may decrease drinking behavior to an extent but making them feel too ashamed would probably lead to a decrease in their global self-esteem. Is there perhaps an effect of dosage—the amount of shame the participant experiences? Further how would these findings apply to different domains? For instance, when I perform badly on a test, it makes me feel ashamed, and I am motivated to study harder for the next one. Might it come down to individual differences in the person’s mindset (i.e., Entity vs Incremental)?”

Categories
Psychology

Mind/body health: heart disease (apa.org)

For this discussion, pretend you are creating a wellness plan for someone who is at risk for heart disease. In your plan, address the following points to help guide the person into making healthy lifestyle decisions:
Diet: What should the person eat? What should they avoid?
Social factors: What are some of the social factors that can influence healthy cardiovascular health (as explained in your readings)? What suggestions would you make based on these factors?
Psychological factors: What are some of the psychological factors that can influence healthy cardiovascular health (as explained in your readings)? What suggestions would you make based on these factors?
Biological factors: What are some of the biological factors that can influence healthy cardiovascular health (as explained in your readings)? What suggestions would you make based on these factors?
Be sure to draw from the readings, but please do not copy and paste or simply re-phrase what is written. This should be a critical reflection about the biopsychosocial factors that influence one’s cardiovascular health.
Heart Disease and Mental Health Disorders | cdc.gov
Mind/body health: Heart disease (apa.org)

Categories
Psychology

Begin your presentation by educating the parents on the development of basic cognitive processes, such as perception, attention, and memory during this phase.

I cognitive development during four stages of life: infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence.
begin by selecting one of these phases of development. Conduct your own research (using at least 4 sources) on cognitive development that occurs during this stage. Then you are to prepare a PowerPoint presentation (15-20 slides) designed for parents of a child currently in this stage of development.
Begin your presentation by educating the parents on the development of basic cognitive processes, such as perception, attention, and memory during this phase. In the second part of your presentation you should provide recommendations on how to enhance cognitive development during this stage. Your recommendations should be specific and supported by your research. You are also encouraged to use images and graphs to illustrate your information and suggestions.

Categories
Psychology

How would this inborn vs. environment question be scientifically studied?

Option 1: List and describe some behavioral sex differences that you have noticed between boys and girls. What causes girls and boys to choose different toys? Do you think that the sex differences you have noted arise from biological causes or are learned? How would this inborn vs. environment question be scientifically studied?
Option 2: Modern biology has shown that many people are somewhere in between male and female. An example is congenital adrenal hyperplasia, an inborn hormone condition where genetically female people can have male-like genitalia. Do we need to expand our traditional binary concepts of male and female based on this evidence? What are the possible implications for human sexuality and relationships?
Hormones & Behavior | Noba (nobaproject.com)

Categories
Psychology

Nelson claims that “having a script is one important factor that helps children, especially preschool children, perform at their best” (galotti, 2017, p. 192).

discuss scripts and their importance in the cognitive development of children during early childhood. reflect on your own childhood and consider some of the scripts that you learned during this time. Share one of these scripts with us. What impact did this script have on you? Did it change over time or remain consistent? Nelson claims that “having a script is one important factor that helps children, especially preschool children, perform at their best” (Galotti, 2017, p. 192). Do you agree or disagree? Explain your response. Remember to cite your source(s) using APA style.

Categories
Psychology

Relate what you learned about the nature-nurture debate to understanding biological and environmental influences on the development of language skills.

Relate what you learned about the nature-nurture debate to understanding biological and environmental influences on the development of language skills. How do you see their influences?

Categories
Psychology

Janice has been to the hospital several times for similar situations with past relationships.

In addition, to prepare for this discussion read Chapter 4, Chapter 7, and Chapter 9 in your required textbook and the articles Substance Use Disorders and Borderline Personality: Common BedfellowsLinks to an external site. and Borderline Personality Links to an external site.Disorder & Substance AbuseLinks to an external site.. Lastly, view the video Debunking the Myths & Misunderstandings of Borderline Personality DisorderLinks to an external site. and play the Mouse PartyLinks to an external site. interactive game.
Read the following case studies and refer to your textbook, and the DSM-5, as needed to support your understanding.
Borderline Personality Disorder – Week 3
Janice is a 35-year-old Caucasian female who came to counseling after being released from the hospital with non-life-threatening, self-inflicted cuts on her arm after she threatened suicide when her boyfriend of 4 months broke up with her. Janice reported she was hoping to prove how much she loved her boyfriend by doing this, so he would not break up with her. You received a report from the hospital that stated client came in extremely angry and could not be calmed down. Her ex-boyfriend stated that their relationship had been very intense where she would one day praise him and talk about her love for him to the point he was uncomfortable, and the next day something would happen and she would call him horrible names. Janice has been to the hospital several times for similar situations with past relationships. She states she doesn’t want to kill herself really and often cuts to take away her emotional pain. She states her need to be in a relationship due to the emptiness she feels, she just wants something to make her feel less empty.
Substance Abuse – Week 3
Gentry is a 23-year-old Pacific Islander male, who is a recent college graduate. He is seeking treatment after being fired from his first job out of college due to too many absences and coming to work hungover. Gentry stated he started drinking socially at 18 when he entered college. At first, he would drink only on weekends at parties and would often blackout or become sick. He stated this is what his friends did, and he didn’t see a problem. During his senior year, he didn’t have as many classes and started to drink during the week and earlier in the day, since his classes ended at noon.
Once out in the college, he got a job a year ago, and he would go out after work with co-workers a few nights a week to drink. On the nights he didn’t go out with co-workers he would drink at home by himself. Slowly drinking more and more to feel a buzz. Over the past few months, Gentry has struggle to get out of bed in the morning due to having a headache, nausea, and lack of good sleep. After being warned several times about consequences for being late over the past 3 months, he continued his drinking behavior and was eventually fired because he missed too much work.
In your initial post,
First, choose one of the options and describe the patient’s symptoms and the available demographic and historical data.
Based on the scenario you chose, evaluate how the intensity, duration, and focus support the identified diagnosis. List all references used at the end of your discussion according to APA 7 guidelines.
Discuss the available treatments for this patient.
Discuss the implications of a therapist who actively encourages a patient to take medication that has been shown to be effective when the patient has strong objections to the use of a pharmacological approach to treatment.
Develop at least three recommendations for the patient/family for ongoing functioning (social, occupational, and academic, if applicable), associated with the scenario you chose.
Finally, analyze the differences between both scenarios: Borderline Personality Disorder and Substance Abuse? Do the recommendations differ?

Categories
Psychology

The discussion section of a paper should also include the limitations of the studies in that paper.in scientific terms, limitations are best thought of as weaknesses of the paper.examples include doing a study only on college students, when we’re hoping to generalize the results to people of all ages and levels of education, or not treating all the participants in the study in the same way.what is not required in the limitations section of the paper is how the researchers choose to characterize those weakn

Alternative to Research Participation 5
Fawcett, C., Wesevich, V., & Gredebäck, G. (2016).Pupillary contagion in infancy: Evidence for spontaneous
transfer of arousal.Psychological Science, 27, 997 – 1003.doi: 10.1177/0956797616643924
Welcome to your assignment!Attached to this email you should find a .pdf copy of the article listed above.Your assignment is to read that article, and to answer the following questions to the best of your ability.This assignment is graded pass/fail; if you pass, you will receive one credit towards your PSY 101 research participation requirement.Also, if you are completing this assignment because you have been “locked” from signing up for other studies, passing will earn you an “unlock,” so that you can sign up for other studies.There is no penalty if you fail, but you do not get the research participation credit.Here are your instructions.
Read the attached article.
Write your answer to each of the listed questions, by hitting “Reply” in your email, and typing the answers into the body of the email.Your answers may be as long or as short as you need them to be.
Use complete sentences, and write in paragraph form.
Do not copy the work of anyone else, or share the work you do.Each of these assignments is stored electronically, and will be checked for plagiarism.
You have 48 hours from the time this email is sent to return your answers.That 48 hours will be based on the time stamp on your email (the 48 hour requirement will be waived if the IT department reports a disruption in email service during those 48 hours).
It may take up to 72 hours to get your assignment graded, depending on volume.

Here are your questions!

One popular line of research in psychology today is the attempt to find physiological indicators of humans’ apparent need to be social with each other.As you’ve probably noticed on some level in your life, some animals are more prosocial than others; that is, some animals seek out company (e.g. dogs and cats), whereas others avoid it (e.g. most types of snakes).This article is about pupillary contagion.The first two paragraphs give you the definition of the term, and list at least five different ways in which pupillary contagion shows evidence of socialization among adults.How do the authors of the article define the term pupillary contagion?Explain at least three of the pieces of evidence of socialization cited in the first two paragraphs of the article.

The second part of the introduction gives the authors’ rationale for believing that even infants might show pupillary contagion.Pick two of the pieces of evidence offered by the authors that you find most compelling.Which two did you pick?What makes you think these are the most compelling pieces of evidence?

The Results section of a scientific paper can often be difficult to read, unless you’ve already had multiple classes on research methods and statistics.Yet not everything in the section is written in technical terms.For instance, the authors note in more than one place in the paper that the infants showed pupillary contagion for the round stimuli, but not for the squares.Look at the bar graph on page 1000, the red bar shows the average increase in pupil size, with the “whiskers” of the bar (the line centered on the top of the red bar, with a T shape at the top and bottom) showing variability.The fact that these “whiskers do not include the value of 0.00 on the figure shows that the participants were reliably enlarging their pupils.The authors claim that the square stimuli did nothing to pupils.But look at that blue bar, including its whiskers.Did the square stimuli do something?Explain your reasoning.

The Discussion section of the paper explains the results using plain language, rather than statistics.What did the authors conclude about pupillary contagion for 6- and 9-month olds, and what two alternative explanations do the authors give for this result?

The Discussion section of a paper should also include the limitations of the studies in that paper.In scientific terms, limitations are best thought of as weaknesses of the paper.Examples include doing a study only on college students, when we’re hoping to generalize the results to people of all ages and levels of education, or not treating all the participants in the study in the same way.What is not required in the limitations section of the paper is how the researchers choose to characterize those weaknesses: do the authors just admit to the weaknesses, or do they try to make excuses for the weaknesses?

Categories
Psychology

A simple action we do every day is walking, no matter what we are doing we walk to get food, to get light exercise, or to get to a destination.

A simple action we do every day is walking, no matter what we are doing we walk to get food, to get light exercise, or to get to a destination. When we walk our neurons communicate with each other. Our neurons send signals to our brain and spinal cord which makes us use our legs and walk because they’re communicating with each other (our leg and mind). For example, us moving one foot against the other, swinging, jogging etc. Sends neurons in the motor cortex that sends the axons to motor neurons and spinal cord to sort of zap together and do the act of movement. A specific neurotransmitter that occurs is endorphins because endorphins get released when you do any type of exercise even if it’s for a walk or brisk jog. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that controls movement and balance so when we walk that specific area is what is making us move and have coordination.