Categories
Philosophy

What are the main ideas of the topic of your choice?

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Week 6 Discussion: Chapter 2, Building “Negative Peace” continued.
Dr. Jean-Marc Akakpo
All my apology for skipping the second part of chapter 2 last week. We are circling back to finish them. I am very impatient to read your opinion about responding to Terrorism as although September 11, 2001, marked a pivotal moment for many people in the United States and in other countries, terrorism did not begin or end that day. In fact, the threat of terrorism in the United States has changed since 2001. As matter of fact, 9/11 represents the scariest souvenir of my diplomat life as I was on plane going to Chicago from Washington DC when this happened. I hope you learn great deal of international relations from the readings.
Please read the following topic:
Violence Vanquished: Steven Pinker, 123
And complete the step below:
What are the main ideas of the topic of your choice?
Define the key terms used by the author
What are the strong points of the topic of your choices?
Give real life example that can be applied to your topic
For your 3 reply posts to your classmates:
Summarize his or her idea in your own words
Ask questions for clarification if needed
Be sure to define your terms and to support your answer with references to the course materials (and the videos) and/or the readings for this week.
Give real life experience to support your response.

Categories
Philosophy

Philosophical meditation:

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
1) Please use direct textual evidence from our Bibliotherapy and podcasts (at least one episode) to describe how and why we should live in the moment. Also describe, with both the Bibliotherapy and the podcasts (at least one episode), how we should relate to the past and the future (15-20 sentences).
2) What is memento mori and how can we use it to help create a healthy life? Please use direct textual evidence from the PDFs along with the podcasts (at least one episode) to support your discussion. (10-12 sentences)
Reading:
Bibliotherapy:
#1: #1 pg. 43-44
#2: #2 pg. 44-45
#3: #4 pg. 56-57
#4: #5 pg. 57-58
#5: #6 pg. 58-61
Philosophical Meditation:
#1: pg. 23-24
Listening:
On Living in the Moment Part I (1:29:07)
https://anchor.fm/philosophyforeveryone/episodes/On-Living-in-the-Moment-Part-I-eka6pq (Links to an external site.)
Episode #035: Why should we work to hope less, but not be hopeless? (17:03)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-035-Why-should-we-work-to-hope–less-but-not-be-hopeless-esq0au (Links to an external site.)
Episode #012: “Forget the future.” (Not totally) (7:17)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-012-Forget-the-future–Not-totally-Meditations-by-Marcus-Aurelius-eqoo6r (Links to an external site.)
Viewing:
Alan Watts: Live Fully Now (2:22) https://youtu.be/HdqVF7-8wng
With the materials below, elaborate on the previous 2nd question:
2) What is memento mori and how can we use it to help create a healthy life? Please use direct textual evidence from the PDFs shared along with the podcasts (at least three episodes) and videos (at least one) to support your discussion. (15-20 sentences)
Reading:
1) Please read the sections from Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations from both of the PDFs titled “Memento Mori Reading 5_28)” and “On the Hourglass Part I” posted.
2) Please read all of the document title “On the Hourglass Part II” and Amor Fati” also posted.
Listening:
Introduction to Memento Mori: (29:21)

The Socratic Stance On Death: (19:52)

Meditations Book I Exercise: (19:07)

Lectures on various excerpts from Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations about Memento Mori

https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-042-When-do-you-feel-frenzy–When-are-you-lazy–Are-you-ever-pretentious–What-do-you-try-to-avoid-on-a-daily-basis-with-your-thinking–feeling-and-acting-etcctj (15:10)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Ep–044-What-thing-or-things-would-you-like-to-forget-ethsvn (9:21)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Ep–080-What-is-essential-for-you-today-e117d4o (14:14)
A lecture on Seneca and Memento Mori
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Ep–051-Are-you-always-getting-ready-or-do-you-take-action-eu2uhj(15:12)
Viewing
Ryan Holiday on Memento Mori

The School of Life on Memento Mori


Categories
Philosophy

#1: pg.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
1) Please use direct textual evidence from our Bibliotherapy and podcasts (at least one episode) to describe how and why we should live in the moment. Also describe, with both the Bibliotherapy and the podcasts (at least one episode), how we should relate to the past and the future (15-20 sentences).
2) What is memento mori and how can we use it to help create a healthy life? Please use direct textual evidence from the PDFs along with the podcasts (at least one episode) to support your discussion. (10-12 sentences)
Reading:
Bibliotherapy:
#1: #1 pg. 43-44
#2: #2 pg. 44-45
#3: #4 pg. 56-57
#4: #5 pg. 57-58
#5: #6 pg. 58-61
Philosophical Meditation:
#1: pg. 23-24
Listening:
On Living in the Moment Part I (1:29:07)
https://anchor.fm/philosophyforeveryone/episodes/On-Living-in-the-Moment-Part-I-eka6pq (Links to an external site.)
Episode #035: Why should we work to hope less, but not be hopeless? (17:03)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-035-Why-should-we-work-to-hope–less-but-not-be-hopeless-esq0au (Links to an external site.)
Episode #012: “Forget the future.” (Not totally) (7:17)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-012-Forget-the-future–Not-totally-Meditations-by-Marcus-Aurelius-eqoo6r (Links to an external site.)
Viewing:
Alan Watts: Live Fully Now (2:22) https://youtu.be/HdqVF7-8wng
With the materials below, elaborate on the previous 2nd question:
2) What is memento mori and how can we use it to help create a healthy life? Please use direct textual evidence from the PDFs shared along with the podcasts (at least three episodes) and videos (at least one) to support your discussion. (15-20 sentences)
Reading:
1) Please read the sections from Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations from both of the PDFs titled “Memento Mori Reading 5_28)” and “On the Hourglass Part I” posted.
2) Please read all of the document title “On the Hourglass Part II” and Amor Fati” also posted.
Listening:
Introduction to Memento Mori: (29:21)
https://anchor.fm/philosophyforeveryone/episodes/Introduction-to-Memento-Mori-e11mki7 (Links to an external site.)
The Socratic Stance On Death: (19:52)
https://anchor.fm/philosophyforeveryone/episodes/Memento-Mori-The-Socratic-Stance-on-Death-as-Nothing-to-Fear-e11mv82 (Links to an external site.)
Meditations Book I Exercise: (19:07)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-008-Debts-and-Lessons-My-Grandfather-Verus-Character-and-Self-Control-Meditations-by-Marcus-Aurelius-eqe9js (Links to an external site.)
Lectures on various excerpts from Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations about Memento Mori
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-014-Not-to-live-as-if-you-had-endless-years-ahead-of-you–Death-overshadows-you–While-youre-alive-and-able-be-good–Meditations-by-Marcus-Aurelius-eqvoeh (Links to an external site.) (12:44)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Episode-042-When-do-you-feel-frenzy–When-are-you-lazy–Are-you-ever-pretentious–What-do-you-try-to-avoid-on-a-daily-basis-with-your-thinking–feeling-and-acting-etcctj (Links to an external site.) (15:10)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Ep–044-What-thing-or-things-would-you-like-to-forget-ethsvn (Links to an external site.) (9:21)
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Ep–080-What-is-essential-for-you-today-e117d4o (Links to an external site.) (14:14)
A lecture on Seneca and Memento Mori
https://anchor.fm/shotofphilosophy/episodes/Ep–051-Are-you-always-getting-ready-or-do-you-take-action-eu2uhj (Links to an external site.) (15:12)
Viewing
Ryan Holiday on Memento Mori
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibHm_dVGj_4 (Links to an external site.)
The School of Life on Memento Mori
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NDNmC11vGYk (Links to an external site.)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNXUkfNFZ0Q (Links to an external site.)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-A7VrTxuZIE (Links to an external site.)

Categories
Philosophy

It may help to ponder your chosen claim over several hours while doing something else to let your full reaction emerge

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
In the first paragraph (150 words), summarize a debated claim from the reading.Explain the claim in your own words and give a direct quote in quotation marks with the in-text citation (Gruen, 2021, p. __). Describe the main arguments or examples used to support the claim in the reading, note whether the author endorses the claim or discusses it as someone else’s view, and bring in at least one related term or concept from the lesson notes in Canvas.
You can draw from Lori Gruen, “Why animals matter,” pp. 1-25 (anthropocentrism) or Lori Gruen, “Why animals matter,” pp. 26-44 (animal ethics).
In the second paragraph (150 words), give a critical response to the claim.Your response can be (a) an additional argument that supports the claim (going beyond the reading), (b) an argument that opposes the claim (going beyond the reading), (c) a news story or scientific finding that relates to the claim, or (d) a set of questions that probe deeper into the claim.
Your response should be mainly your own ideas. You can include ideas from an outside source (with citation), but this is only required for response option (c). Your response should be creative, well-reasoned, and show analysis going beyond the reading itself. It may help to ponder your chosen claim over several hours while doing something else to let your full reaction emerge
Link below
https://lynn-lang.student.lynn.edu:2059/core/books/ethics-and-animals/why-animals-matter/838179800B805F2DA1E36D0AF165F52E

Categories
Philosophy

Learning goal: i’m working on a philosophy writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.

Categories
Philosophy

An example is this actress name ellen pompeo from greys anatomy fought for equal pay because she wasn’t given the same pay cut as the men on the show and this is an example of how far behind in the times dating all the way back to the beginning of time, and how men can feel this entitlement and that woman are beneath them.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Respond to at least two of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:
Ask a probing question: always put the question in context.
Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
Offer and support an opinion.
Validate an idea with your own experience.
Make a suggestion.
Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Colleague 1: G. Hern
How can you determine if something is philosophically correct if you exclude women and other cultures? Many philosophers have argued if historical records are correct, they cannot be complete if it excludes women and other cultures. It is argued that early male philosophers were not misogynistic because it was just the thought of the time early Athenians believed that women were inferior to men. It is very well known that Aristotle was misogynistic as stated in The Standford Encyclopedia, “Courage of a man lies in commanding, a women’s lies in obeying; that matter yearns from form, as female for the male and the ugly for the beautiful; that women have fewer teeth than men; that female is an incomplete male or an as it were a deformity.” Just to name a few.
The issue with this is that it is as according to The Standford Encyclopedia, “How can women philosophers be rewoven into the history of philosophy so that they are an integral part of history?” Women used the “Best Supporting Actress” approach to allow male philosophers to keep the “leading role” but still integrate women into the mix. One female philosopher that really stands out to me is Simone de Beauvoir, she was the youngest philosopher to pass the philosophy exams at Frances best university. She developed a new form of philosophy known as existentialism. She argued that humans are born free and thrown into life without a plan. We are here to create our own lives’ meaning. She also believed that she should not have to live up to society’s idea of women and often found it hard to be respected by her male peers. Her book “The Second Sex” has philosophies that are still discussed today. Philosophies express that women are systematically ally oppressed because they become the other. As stated in the YouTube video, The meaning of life According to Simone de Beauvoir, “And to “become” woman, she argued, was to become the other. De Beauvoir defined othering as the process of labeling women as less than the men who’d historically defined and been defined as the ideal human subject.” She provided a new way for feminists to promote additional identities including racial identities.
We have also seen oppression in diverse cultures, besides the white Greek philosophers. Philosopher Henry Odera Oruka wanted to establish themes involving questions regarding the nature of the supreme being, the concept of person, the meaning of freedom, equality, death, and the belief in the afterlife. He was concerned that early Greeks were considered philosophical but African sages were not. He believed that biases were created to make philosophy a way of certain races. I believe that African Sage philosophy has been disregarded as people of color have been disregarded.

Just like with everything studied, women and people of color have been oppressed and not taken seriously. Because of these new voices, we have seen different viewpoints throughout philosophy. Simone’s works have been used to promote feminism and are talked about even today. Different voices bring different ideas.
Resources
Feminist History of Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). (2021, May 20). Retrieved September 12, 2022, from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminism-femhis…
African Sage Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). (2016, February 22). Retrieved September 12, 2022, from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/african-sage/
undefined [TED-Ed]. (2020, March 10). The meaning of life according to Simone de Beauvoir – Iseult Gillespie [Video]. YouTube. Retrieved September 12, 2022, from
Colleague 2: L. Bau
Women have had to overcome workplace obstacles like sexual harassment. Racial and ethnic minorities are underrepresented in the field of philosophy. Woman have always been discredited as well as not getting equal pay. An example is this actress name Ellen Pompeo from Greys Anatomy fought for equal pay because she wasn’t given the same pay cut as the men on the show and this is an example of how far behind in the times dating all the way back to the beginning of time, and how men can feel this entitlement and that woman are beneath them. Men has always thought of woman less then never there equal. It even happens in Hollywood or the fact that there would be sexual harassment at the work force and their boss was a male dominating the woman and if they said anything their job and career were over.
Another example is white people have more privilege then dark skin individual will have. We are now in 2022 and were finally putting a stop by creating a safer work place, by adding times up movement which sparked woman speaking up and saying enough is enough as Ellen Pompeo said” there’s a ton of women in the room,” Pompeo said. “But I don’t see enough color. And I didn’t see enough color when I walked into the room today.” As Caucasian people, it’s our job, it’s our task,” she continued. “It’s our responsibility to make sure that we speak up in every single room we walk into . . . It’s our job because we’ve created the problem.” Which predicated back to early philosophers and how in Western times we still have this problem as well as not being culturally educated. In western times we are changing, we have lots of work to do but we are changing equal pay, standing up when our superiors are threatening our jobs because we are not giving their sexual desires. I believe we are changing but there is much more progress to be made.
References
https://www.vogue.com/article/ellen-pompeo-interview-snapped-equal-pay-diversity-hollywood
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminism-femhist/

Categories
Philosophy

And based on these, convince the committee that i am the right person for the job.

So the outline for my philosophy paper is attached and shows what should be included in each paragraph. As it is my first one I have to imagine that I am Aristotle and give insight of my philosophical ideas and commitments. and based on these, convince the committee that I am the right person for the job.

Categories
Philosophy

Optional, but helpful: video lecture: lugones, “playfulness, ‘world’-travelling and loving perception” – youtube

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
MATERIALS
Optional: Read Dr. Anika Prather’s Understanding Friendship through the Eyes of Aristotle – Antigone (antigonejournal.com)
Optional: Dr. Cori Wong’s Feminist Friendship & watch Meet Cori Wong – TEDxCSU
Required: Mia Mingus, Access Intimacy, Interdependence and Disability Justice | Leaving Evidence (wordpress.com)
Required: Our primary reading is María Lugones, Playfulness, “World”-Travelling, and Loving Perception (1987)
Optional, but helpful: Video Lecture: Lugones, “Playfulness, ‘World’-Travelling and Loving Perception” – YouTube
Optional: Examples of ‘big ideas’: List of philosophical concepts – Wikipedia & the Lugones Lexicon
PROMPT
Part
A. Using your own judgment, pull out 4-5 big ideas or key concepts from
our materials for this week. Examples might include “access intimacy”
or “arrogant perception” or “playfulness.”
Part B. Then, focus on
one of these big ideas and type out 2-3 quotes from the reading that
explain this idea. These can just be in a list with no additional
commentary. Make sure that this idea goes beyond common sense; make it
something new to you that you might want to explain to a friend.
Part
C. Explain this concept in a paragraph just using your own words and
illustrating the big idea with an example of your own (from your life, Crip Camp, a favorite film, or a TV show).
Part
D. (Not due until after everyone has posted): Respond with a paragraph
to another group member’s post. Make this conversational, not critical
or just complimentary. Expand on their ideas. Ask friendly questions.
Draw connections.
NOTE: Please be
sure to complete the assignment on time.
Answer the questions in very SIMPLE language.
Please
read the required and at least some of the readings materials provided
and follow the prompt. Be sure to answer all the parts of the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy

Required: our primary reading is maría lugones, playfulness, “world”-travelling, and loving perception (1987)

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
MATERIALS
Optional: Read Dr. Anika Prather’s Understanding Friendship through the Eyes of Aristotle – Antigone (antigonejournal.com)
Optional: Dr. Cori Wong’s Feminist Friendship & watch Meet Cori Wong – TEDxCSU
Required: Mia Mingus, Access Intimacy, Interdependence and Disability Justice | Leaving Evidence (wordpress.com)
Required: Our primary reading is María Lugones, Playfulness, “World”-Travelling, and Loving Perception (1987)
Optional, but helpful: Video Lecture: Lugones, “Playfulness, ‘World’-Travelling and Loving Perception” – YouTube
Optional: Examples of ‘big ideas’: List of philosophical concepts – Wikipedia & the Lugones Lexicon
PROMPT
Part A. Using your own judgment, pull out 4-5 big ideas or key concepts from our materials for this week. Examples might include “access intimacy” or “arrogant perception” or “playfulness.”
Part B. Then, focus on one of these big ideas and type out 2-3 quotes from the reading that explain this idea. These can just be in a list with no additional commentary. Make sure that this idea goes beyond common sense; make it something new to you that you might want to explain to a friend.
Part C. Explain this concept in a paragraph just using your own words and illustrating the big idea with an example of your own (from your life, Crip Camp, a favorite film, or a TV show).
Part D. (Not due until after everyone has posted): Respond with a paragraph to another group member’s post. Make this conversational, not critical or just complimentary. Expand on their ideas. Ask friendly questions. Draw connections.
NOTE: The discussion question (part A-C) has to be completed in 2 days (48 hours) and I will give an additional day to complete Part D. Please be sure to complete the assignment on time.
Answer the questions in very SIMPLE language.
Please read the required and at least some of the readings materials provided and follow the prompt. Be sure to answer all the parts of the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy

Learning goal: i’m working on a philosophy writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
This week we move to ancient China and see how differing philosophies emerged to shape the worldviews of the ancient Chinese people. It is fortunate
that so many of these ancient texts have survived. We have three different readings for this week and the questions are stated below.
Confucius and the Analects
Confucius (551-479 B.C.E) is the most famous Chinese philosopher whose ideas are among the most important in world history because of the legacy
they had on Chinese society. However, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang (259-210 B.C.E), had all books related to Confucius burned.
Based on the assigned text, why might an emperor not approve of the teachings of Confucius? Remember to provide textual evidence in your response
Laozi and Daoism
Another important philosophy that emerged in China was Daoism (or Taoism) by Laozi (500s-490s/480s B.C.E). Whether or not Laozi was a single person
is up to speculation, but Daoism was another belief system that shaped Chinese history.
Compare and contrast this text with the one from Confucius. Where do they agree? Where do they disagree? Remember to cite textual evidence in your
response
Han Fei-Legalism
The ideology of Legalism re-emerged during the Chinese Warring States Period which saw the emergence of Qin Shi Huang and the Qin Dynasty. While
there were earlier “proto” Legalist ideologies in China prior to the Warring States Period, Han Fei (280-233 B.C.E) ushered in an ideology that became
popular with Qin Shi Huang and led to the burning of Confucius texts.
What are some of the ideas of Legalism? How does it different from The Analects? Remember to cite textual evidence in your response